Global prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis among female sex workers: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Mirzadeh, Monirsadat and Olfatifar, Meysam and Vafae Eslahi, Aida and Abdoli, Amir and Houshmand, Elham and Majidiani, Hamidreza and ghanbari johkool, morteza and Askari, Setareh and Hashemipour, Sima and Badri, Milad (2021) Global prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis among female sex workers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Parasitology Research.

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Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI), caused by the protozoan parasite, Trichomonas vaginalis. Female sex workers are intensely affected by the infection, since they have frequent direct physical contact. The current systematic review and meta-analysis represents the global prevalence of T. vaginalis in female sex workers. Five databases (Science Direct, Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) were explored for literatures that published from July 1985 to June 2020. Totally, 85 studies (54,515 participants) from 46 countries met the inclusion criteria. The global pooled prevalence of T. vaginalis was 16% (95% CI 13–19%). The estimated pooled prevalence based on methods including wet mount, culture, and molecular techniques was 15% (95% CI 12–19%), 16% (95% CI 10–24%), and 22% (95% CI 13–32%), respectively. Moreover, the infection was most prevalent at the mean age of 30–36 (20%, 95% CI 11–30%). Regarding the World Health Organization (WHO) regions, the highest pooled prevalence was estimated to be in the African region (23%, 95% CI 7–46%). In addition, we indicated that countries with low-income level have the highest pooled prevalence (23%, 95% CI 14–34%). Our results revealed that the worldwide prevalence of T. vaginalis was significant in female sex workers. Therefore, considering a precise strategy such as a health education program with regard to safe intercourse is needed to increase knowledge and prevent T. vaginalis infection in sex workers. Keywords Trichomoniasis . Worldwide epidemiology . Female sex workers . Sexually transmitted diseases

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RQ Parasitology
Divisions: University Portal > research center > mmrc
Depositing User: mmrc research portal
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2021 12:23
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2021 12:23
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/11170

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