Antiviral activity of Phoenix dactylifera extracts against herpes simplex virus type 1: an animal study

Allahyari, Samaneh and Pakbin, Babak and Amani, Zahra and Mahmoudi, Razagh and Hamidiyan, Gholamreza and Peymani, Amir and ghajarbeygi, peyman and mousavi, Shaghayegh (2021) Antiviral activity of Phoenix dactylifera extracts against herpes simplex virus type 1: an animal study. Comparative Clinical Pathology.

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Herbal medicines have recently been developed for the treatment of infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic potential of Phoenix dactylifera fruit and kernel extracts against herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in an animal model. Five, 10, and 15% (w/w) concentrations of aqueous, ethanol, and acetone extracts of kernel and fruit of Phoenix dactylifera were used for the formulation of cream-based drugs for the treatment of HSV- 1-infected mice. The clinical improvement was evaluated using lesion scoring and histopathological assessments. Our results demonstrated that there is a potent antiviral activity associated with Phoenix dactylifera extract against HSV-1 infections. Treatment with cream containing 5% Phoenix dactylifera kernel ethanol extract was observed as the most efficient therapeutic potential to treat HSV-1-infected mice. Lesion scoring assessment and histopathological analysis showed more effective and faster antiviral activity of this treatment than other extracts and concentrations in comparison with the acyclovir, as the reference drug, for the treatment of HSV-1 infections. These findings suggest that Phoenix dactylifera extract may be considered as an alternative to acyclovir and potential phototherapeutic against HSV-1 diseases; however, randomized clinical trial studies are strongly needed to ensure the quality, safety, and efficacy of the drug.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
Divisions: University Portal > research center > mmrc
Depositing User: mmrc research portal
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2021 12:18
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2021 12:18
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/11189

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