Keys to Unlock the Enigma of Ocular Toxocariasis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Badri, Milad and Vafae Eslahi, Aida and Olfatifar, Meysam and dalvand, sahar and Houshmand, Elham and Abdoli, Amir and Majidiani, Hamidreza and eslami, ali and Zibaei, Mohammad and Ghanbari johkool, Morteza and Taghipour, Ali and Hashemipour, Sima (2021) Keys to Unlock the Enigma of Ocular Toxocariasis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Ocular Immunology and Inflammation.

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ABSTRACT Purpose: Ocular toxocariasis (OT) is a zoonotic infection caused by larval stages of Toxocara canis and T. cati. The current review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the global prevalence of OT. Methods: Five English (PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) databases were explored and 101 articles met the inclusion criteria. Results: The pooled prevalence (95% confidence interval) of OT was higher in immunological studies (9%. 6–12%) than in studies that applied ophthalmic examination (1%. 1–2%). The lower middle-income level countries had the highest prevalence (6%. 2–12%) as well as the African region (10%. 7–13%). The highest infection rate (4%. 2–7%) was detected in the 1–25 mean age group. Conclusion: Regular anthelminthic treatment of cats and dogs, and removal of animal feces from public places must be considered. KEYWORDS Toxocariasis; ocular larva migrans; public health; humans; zoonoses

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RQ Parasitology
Divisions: University Portal > research center > Metabolic
Depositing User: pr Metabolic diseases research
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2022 07:04
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2022 07:04
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/11273

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