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Gender-specific estimates of sleep problems during the COVID-19 pandemic: Systematic review and meta-analysis

Alimoradi, Zainab and Gozal, David and W.H. Tsang, Hector and Lin, Chung-Ying and BROSTRÖM, ANDERS and M.Ohayon, Maurice and Pakpour HA, Amir (2021) Gender-specific estimates of sleep problems during the COVID-19 pandemic: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Sleep Research.

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Abstract

Summary The outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) changed lifestyles worldwide and subsequently induced individuals’ sleep problems. Sleep problems have been demonstrated by scattered evidence among the current literature on COVID-19; however, little is known regarding the synthesised prevalence of sleep problems (i.e. insomnia symptoms and poor sleep quality) for males and females separately. The present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to answer the important question regarding prevalence of sleep problems during the COVID-19 outbreak period between genders. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guideline and Newcastle–Ottawa Scale checklist, relevant studies with satisfactory methodological quality searched for in five academic databases (Scopus, PubMed Central, ProQuest, Web of Science , and EMBASE) were included and analysed. The protocol of the project was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO; identification code CRD42020181644). A total of 54 papers (N = 67,722) in the female subgroup and 45 papers (N = 45,718) in the male subgroup were pooled in the meta-analysis. The corrected pooled estimated prevalence of sleep problems was 24% (95% confidence interval [CI] 19%–29%) for female participants and 27% (95% CI 24%–30%) for male participants. Although in both gender subgroups, patients with COVID-19, health professionals and general population showed the highest prevalence of sleep problems, it did not reach statistical significance. Based on multivariable meta-regression, both gender groups had higher prevalence of sleep problems during the lockdown period. Therefore, healthcare providers should pay attention to the sleep problems and take appropriate preventive action.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RN Health
Divisions: University Portal > research center > sdh
Depositing User: pr SDH research
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2022 07:23
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2022 07:23
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/11304

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