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Macro ergonomics and health workers during the COVID-19 pandemic

Khajehnasiri, Farahnaz and Zaroushani, Vida and Poursadeqiyan, Mohsen (2021) Macro ergonomics and health workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Work 69.

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Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic is a disaster all over the world. During this global calamity, the health and safety of workers in the workplace should be considered. Occupational exposure to pathogens is an inherent risk factor of health care workplaces [1]. During the pandemic, the medical staff of hospitals on the frontlines of medical services take the necessary measures to identify patients, isolate them and treat them [2]. The health and safety of these individuals can be enhanced by ergonomics through the redesign and re-evaluation of tasks, environments, and systems. Ergonomics or human factors is “the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of interactions among humans and other elements of a system, and the profession that applies theory, princi-ples, data and methods to design in order to optimize human well-being and overall system performance” (IEA Council, 2014). This science examines working conditions (i.e. physical environment,work organization, psychosocial factors and job design) as well as health and safety behaviors of employees and their participation in programs that can affect their health and system efficiency. It should be noted that the prevention of COVID-19 should not rely on a single infection prevention and control team in the hospital, but should depend on comprehensive programs. The use of human factors and ergonomic knowledge is an effective and profitable framework to address current challenges posed by COVID-19 in hospitals through the utilization of systems approaches (USA; macro ergonomics).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RN Health
Divisions: University Portal > research center > sdh
Depositing User: pr SDH research
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2022 08:10
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2022 08:10
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/11309

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