Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Toward SARS COV-2 in Qazvin Province: A Population-Based Study

Hosseinkhani, Zahra and Abbasi, Mozhgan and Khaleghi, Amaneh and Kakavand, Elham and Yazdi, Nahid and Mohammadi Moein, Hassan Reza (2021) Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Toward SARS COV-2 in Qazvin Province: A Population-Based Study. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology.

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Background and Objectives: The spread of COVID-19 in the world has had adverse effects on all aspects of people´ life and social and economic development of the communities. The current study was conducted to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward COVID-19 in the general population of Qazvin province. Methods: This cross-sectional study conducted on 1223 people above 15 years in Qazvin province between December and January 2020. We used multistage stratified random sampling to select the participants from urban and rural health centers. The questionnaires were completed by the patients as well as through phone interviews. The questions included demographic information and knowledge, attitude, and practice toward COVID-19. Results: In total, 1223 subjects with a mean (standard deviation) age of 35.6 ± 12.2 years participated in this study. The scores of knowledge, attitudes, and practice were 68%, 72% and 91%, respectively. The lowest score of knowledge was related to awareness of common symptoms of the disease (6%). Forty-two subjects believed they observed the principles of disease prevention. A distance of 2 meters was observed by 50.3%. The scores of knowledge (P=0.007) and practice (P=0.028) increased with age, and the scores of knowledge (P<0.001) and attitude (P=0.001) increased and decreased with an increase in the education level, respectively. Males had significantly lower knowledge (P=0.002) and practice (P<0.001) scores. Moreover, rural residents had higher attitude scores compared to urban residents (P=0.002). Conclusion: The results suggest that the general population of Qazvin province had desirable knowledge, attitude and practice towards COVID-19 at the time of the epidemic. Keywords: Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, COVID-19, Iran

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: University Portal > research center > Metabolic
Depositing User: pr Metabolic diseases research
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2022 08:21
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2022 08:21
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/12027

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