The Effect of Cognitive-Behavioral Counseling on Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy of Pregnant Women

shahsavan, zahra and Oveisi, Sonia and Jourabchi, Zinat (2019) The Effect of Cognitive-Behavioral Counseling on Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy of Pregnant Women. Journal of Holistic Nursing and Midwifery.

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Introduction: Breastfeeding has an essential role in providing maternal and infant health and as a result the society health. Breastfeeding self-efficacy is a powerful predictor of the duration of exclusive breastfeeding. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effect of cognitive-behavioral counseling during pregnancy on breastfeeding self-efficacy of pregnant women referring to comprehensive health centers in Qazvin City, Iran. Materials and Methods: This study is a randomized controlled clinical trial conducted on 120 pregnant women referred to health centers in Qazvin City. The samples were randomly divided into intervention and control groups. The intervention group received 8 sessions of cognitive-behavioral group counseling during the third trimester of pregnancy. The breastfeeding self‐efficacy Scale questionnaire was used for surveying samples before and after the intervention. For analyzing data, t-test and Chi-squared test were used. Results: The two groups were not significantly different before the intervention in terms of demographic variables. Also, the Mean±SD breastfeeding self‐efficacy scores in the control (47.55±5.92) and the intervention group (47.70±7.83) were not significantly different before counseling. After the intervention, the Mean±SD breastfeeding self‐efficacy score of the intervention group (57.49±5.62) was significantly higher than that of the control group (48.8±5.94) (P=0.001). Conclusion: Cognitive-behavioral counseling will increase breastfeeding self‐efficacy of pregnant women. It is recommended that the results of the study be used to promote the empowerment of women in breastfeeding.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Portal > research center > Metabolic
Depositing User: pr Metabolic diseases research
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2022 08:10
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2022 08:10
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/12197

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