Sources of academic stress among Iranian adolescents: a multilevel study from Qazvin City, Iran

Hosseinkhani, Zahra and Hassanabadi, Hamid-Reza and Parsaeian, Mahboubeh and Osooli, M and Assari, S and Nedjat, Saharnaz (2021) Sources of academic stress among Iranian adolescents: a multilevel study from Qazvin City, Iran. Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette.

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Background: Academic stress can cause mental and physical problems and affect adolescents’ healthy development. This study aimed to estimate academic stress and explore its sources at the individual- and school levels among school-going adolescents in the city of Qazvin, Iran. Results: This cross-sectional study used a stratified cluster sampling to recruit 1724 students aged 12–19 years from 53 schools in Qazvin City. Data were collected using a validated self-administered questionnaire. The mean academic stress score was 45.7 (95% CI 45.2, 46.3). The stress level was statistically higher among older 47.5 (95% CI 46.7, 48.3) than younger 44.1 (95% CI 43.4, 44.9) adolescents. The main academic stressors included: future uncertainty 69.7 (95% CI 68.8, 70.7), academic competition 58.5 (95% CI 57.3, 59.6), and interaction with teachers 56.1 (95% CI 55.3, 56.9). Gender, educational period, school type, family socioeconomic status, and father’s education were associated with academic stress. Conclusions: We conducted a multilevel study using a random sample of male and female students in the city of Qazvin, Iran. Results indicated moderate levels of stress among Iranian adolescents. The academic stress was associated with several individual and school-level variables. Students and their families and teachers need education on stress prevention methods and coping mechanisms. Future research should focus on developing and testing multilevel policies and interventions to improve students’ mental health and academic performance. Keywords: Academic stress, Adolescence, Students, Multilevel analysis, Iran

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Portal > research center > Metabolic
Depositing User: pr Metabolic diseases research
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2022 10:12
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2022 10:12
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/12216

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