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Anticancer Properties of Saccharomyces boulardii Metabolite Against Colon Cancer Cells

Pakbin, Babak and Allahyari, Samaneh and Pishkhan Dibazar, Shaghayegh and Peymani, Amir and Khajeh Haghverdi, Mozhdeh and Taherkhani, Khadijeh and Javadi, Maryam and Mahmoudi, Razzagh (2022) Anticancer Properties of Saccharomyces boulardii Metabolite Against Colon Cancer Cells. Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins.

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Abstract

Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. boulardii has been used as a probiotic yeast in the medical and food industries. Colon cancers have been known as the third most common cancer type worldwide. Nowadays, cell-free extract and metabolites of probiotics have been employed for the treatment or prevention of different cancer diseases. This study investigates the anticancer properties of S. boulardii metabolites against human colon carcinoma. We evaluated cytotoxicity, apoptosis induction, and suppression of survivin, IL-8, and NFƙB gene expression effects of SBM against caco-2 cells after 24 and 48 h. IC50 concentrations of SBM were measured at 815 and 1411 µg/mL for 24 and 48 h treatments, respectively. The total proportion of apoptotic caco-2 cells treated with SBM after 24 and 48 h were calculated at 62.23 and 88.7%, respectively. Also, relative expression of survivin, IL-8, and NFƙB genes were significantly suppressed in caco-2 cells treated with SBM after 24 and 48 h. In conclusion, we found that SBM induced apoptosis, inhibited the growth rate, and suppressed the expression of the survivin, IL-8, and NFƙB genes in human colorectal cancer cells and it can be considered as a perspective supplement or drug for the treatment or prevention of colon cancer in humans.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: University Portal > research center > mmrc
Depositing User: mmrc research portal
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2023 06:41
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2023 06:41
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/12267

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