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the effect of socioeconomic and type of milk and supplement consumption in less than 5 years old children

shokrollahi, fahime (2015) the effect of socioeconomic and type of milk and supplement consumption in less than 5 years old children. journal qums.

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Abstract

Abstract Introduction: Breast milk is the best nutrition for growth and development of infants. Vitamin deficiency and anemia are the most common nutritional problem in less than 5 year old children that can damage their physical and mental development. Method: This study assess the relationship between family socioeconomic indices and the type of milk and the supplement consumption in 12 to 60 month’s children in Qazvin in 2014.Data for this studywas collected by questionnarie and through interview. Data was analyzed by chi-square test and the correlation coefficient and logistic regression. Results: The results of the study of 891 children showed that 73.4 % of children were only breastfed , 18.9 % have used the formula with breast milk and 7.7% only have used formula. The mean duration of breast feeding in our study was 18.72 months. Our study showed that the duration of breast feeding was significantly increased by improving family income (P=0.003) and normal vaginal delivery (0.026). At the same time consumption of formula with breast milk in working mothers was significantly more than home care mothers (P=0.005) . consumption of formula was significantly higher in mothers with cesarean delivery (P=0.050). By increasing in birth order iron (P=0.030) and multivitamin(P=0.045) supplement were significantly started earlier in children. By increasing theeducational level of mother , multivitamin supplement for the children was significantly started later (P=0.000) but the duration of iron supplement consumption was significantly increased in children (P=0.014). Conclusion: According to the result of this study the type of milk , the multivitamin and mineral supplement consumption were associated with socioeconomic indices such as : family incomes , type of delivery , mothers job, birth order , family size and mothers education.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Medicine School Students
Date Deposited: 22 May 2017 09:07
Last Modified: 22 May 2017 09:07
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/136

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