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Effects of Vitexin on Scopolamine-Induced Memory Impairment in Rats

Abbasi, Esmail and Nassiri-Asl, Marjan and Sheikhi, Mehdi and Shafiee, Mahsa (2013) Effects of Vitexin on Scopolamine-Induced Memory Impairment in Rats. Chinese Journal of Physiology.

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Abstract

Various synthetic derivatives of natural flavonoids are known to have neuroactive properties. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of vitexin (5, 7, 4-trihydroxyflavone-8-glucoside), a flavonoid found in such plants as tartary buckwheat sprouts, wheat leaves phenolome, Mimosa pudica Linn and Passiflora spp, on scopolamine-induced memory impairment in rats. To achieve this goal, we assessed the effects of vitexin on memory retrieval in the presence or absence of scopolamine using a step-through passive avoidance trial. In the first part of the study, vitexin (25, 50, and 100 μM) was administered intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) before acquisition trials. In the second part, vitexin, at the same doses, was administered before scopolamine (10 μg, i.c.v.) and before the acquisition trials. During retention tests, vitexin (100 μM) in the absence of scopolamine significantly increased the stepthrough latencies compared to scopolamine. In addition, vitexin (100 μM) significantly reversed the shorter step-through latencies induced by scopolamine (P < 0.05). These results indicate that vitexin has a potential role in enhancing memory retrieval. A possible mechanism is modulation of cholinergic receptors; however, other mechanisms may be involved in its effects in acute exposure.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: University Portal > research center > camr
Depositing User: pr Camr research
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2015 09:36
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2015 09:36
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2591

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