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Comparison of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Between Subjects With and Without Diabetes Mellitus: An Analytical Study

Mousavi, Arefeh and Asefzadeh, Saeed and Ziaee, Amir and Esmailzadehha, Neda and Ghorbani, Azam (2016) Comparison of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Between Subjects With and Without Diabetes Mellitus: An Analytical Study. Biotechnology and Health Sciences, 3 (1). ISSN 2383-028x

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Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is developing treacherously along industrialization and development of urbanization Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare cardiovascular risk factors between subjects with and without diabetes mellitus in the Minoodar district of Qazvin. Patients and Methods: This analytical study was conducted on 100 subjects with diabetes and 140 subjects without diabetes in Qazvin from September 2010 to April 2011. Standardized measurements were available for waist circumference (WC), blood pressure (BP), fasting serum cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), and triglycerides (TGs). Cardiovascular risk factors were defined according to the diagnostic criteria proposed by the national cholesterol education program. Data were analyzed using the t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Chi-square test. Results: Overall, 12% of subjects with diabetes and 17.9% of subjects without diabetes were smokers (P = 0.277). The WC, TGs, systolic and diastolic BP were significantly higher in subjects with diabetes compared to subjects without diabetes. The prevalence of high WC, high BP, low HDL, and high TGs were significantly higher in subjects with diabetes compared to subjects without diabetes. Conclusions: Cardiovascular risk factors were higher in subjects with diabetes compared to subjects without diabetes. Lifestyle intervention programs should be focused on community education about reduction of CVD risk factors in patients with diabetes. Keywords: Risk Factor, Coronary Heart Disease, Diabetes Mellitus

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RN Health
Divisions: University Portal > vice chancellor > vcr
Depositing User: pr vcen research
Date Deposited: 11 May 2016 09:25
Last Modified: 11 May 2016 09:25
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3810

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