Characteristics of Seropositive Hepatitis B and C Thalassemia Major Patients in South-East of Iran

Bazi, Ali and Mirimoghaddam, Ebrahim and Rostami, Daryoush and Dabirzadeh, Mansour (2016) Characteristics of Seropositive Hepatitis B and C Thalassemia Major Patients in South-East of Iran. Biotechnology and Health Sciences, 3 (2). ISSN 2383-028x

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Background: Hepatitis is a serious blood born infection in patients with β-thalassemia major (β-TM). There was no previous report on hepatitis prevalence in patients with β-TM in Zabol, Iran. Objectives: The current study aimed to evaluate characteristics of hepatitis in patients with ᵝ-TM visiting Imam Khomeini Hospital of Zabol, in Sistan and Baluchistan province of Iran. Patients and Methods: There were 90 patients with ᵝ-TM. General demographic and laboratory results were obtained by interviews and reviewing clinical and laboratory histories. Data for anti-HCV, HBs antigen and anti-HBs were extracted from latest archived records, and analyzed using SPSS ver. 19. Results: Males and females comprised 51% and 49% of the patients, respectively. Mean age of the patients was 14.8±7.4 years old. Anti-HCV and HBs antigen were detected in 10% and 3.3% of the patients, respectively. Significant difference was found between the mean age of anti-HCV positive (20.1 ± 3.6, 95% CI: 17.3 - 22.9) and negative (14.2 ± 7.5, 95% CI: 12.5 - 15.9) patients (P = 0.02). Mean ferritin value was measured 4702 ± 2743 ng/mL. A significant correlation was observed between serum ferritin level and age (r = 0.3, P = 0.01). Hepatic enzymes, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) had mean levels of 51.8 ± 32.8 IU/L and 58.8 ± 59 IU/L, respectively. No significant association was identified between hepatitis status and either ferritin or hepatic enzymes levels. Conclusions: Results demonstrated the relatively high prevalence of HCV infection in the patients. Applying sensitive methods to screen blood units is recommended to minimize the risk of transfusion associated hepatitis. Keywords: β-Thalassemia Major, Anti-HCV, HBs Antigen, Anti-HBs, Ferritin

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RB Pathology
Divisions: University Portal > vice chancellor > vcr
Depositing User: pr vcen research
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2016 08:50
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2016 09:12
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5133

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