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Detection of Herpes Simplex Virus Infection in Patients With Ongoing Miscarriage Using Serological Tests and Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction

Conde-Ferraez, Laura and Canche-Pech, Jose R and Ayora-Talavera, Guadalupe and Saenz-Carbonell, Luis A and Cordova-Lara, Ivan I and Gonzalez-Losa1, Maria del R (2016) Detection of Herpes Simplex Virus Infection in Patients With Ongoing Miscarriage Using Serological Tests and Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction. Biotechnology and Health Sciences, 3 (3). pp. 43-47. ISSN 2383-028x

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Abstract

Background: Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is one of the most frequent viruses affecting females’ sexual and reproductive health. Objectives: The current study aimed to determine the HSV serostatus and viral shedding in patients with ongoing miscarriage. Methods: Two hundred and eight females were included in the study; IgM antibodies against HSV1/2 were detected in serum samples; the real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) quantification of viral DNA was performed on cervicovaginal samples. Positive females were tested for IgG anti-HSV-2. Results: The results indicated 12.5% IgM-positive and 2.9% real-time PCR positive samples. None of the patients was positive for the both analyses, simultaneously. Among IgM-positives cases, 16.6% were also IgG-positive; whilst in PCR-positives samples, 20% were also IgG-positive. The presence of viral DNA without detectable IgM or IgG antibodies could indicate a recent infection or a reactivation with low copy numbers. Conclusions: IgM alone is not a marker for viral shedding in genital tract. Molecular testing in conjunction of IgG test should be evaluated as an option to determine HSV status, and applied for research on HSV genital infections records. Keywords: Herpes, Diagnosis, Viral Shedding

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Divisions: University Portal > vice chancellor > vcr
Depositing User: pr vcen research
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2016 08:03
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2016 08:03
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5183

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