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Applying of theory of planned behavior to promote physical activity and exercise behavior among older adults

Motalebi, Seyedeh Ameneh (2014) Applying of theory of planned behavior to promote physical activity and exercise behavior among older adults. Journal of Physical Education and Sport.

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Abstract

Regular physical activity (PA) is foremost important for well-being and independent living in older age. However, recently, more than 75% of older adults have not been involved in any PA/exercise program at the suggested levels. Understanding their perspective towards PA/exercise provide important information in development of interventions for improving their exercise behavior. A conceptual framework that has been successfully applied for exercise behavior is the theory of planned behavior (TPB). The TPB has well shown the relationship between attitudes and PA/exercise behavior directly or indirectly through intention. Attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control are three independent concepts of this theory. In fact, positive attitude, better perceived social pressure, and greater behavioral control result in stronger intention to perform a given behavior. PA/exercise intention is explained more by the TPB constructs in older compared to younger adults. Advancing age is associated with reduction in PA/exercise intention; however, the translation of intention to behavior increases. Furthermore, subjective norm and perceived behavioral control are considered as the strongest determinants of PA/exercise intention among older adults. Hence, the interventions targeting these factors will be valuable in promoting exercise behavior in the elderly.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RN Health > RN1001 Public Health
Divisions: University Portal > schools > snm
Depositing User: pr Nursing and Midwifery School
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2016 07:52
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2016 07:52
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5416

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