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Special Olympics and Down syndrome The investigate of Self-efficacy and interpersonal dependency

Atashi, Vajihe (2012) Special Olympics and Down syndrome The investigate of Self-efficacy and interpersonal dependency. Advances in Environmental Biology.

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Special Olympics (SO) programs on self- efficacy and interpersonal dependency among Iran Special Olympians with Down Syndrome (DS). Forty DS members of Iran's national team were selected as SO athletes and 36 DS athletes were selected as control group. The SO group participated in 9 months SO sport specific program whereas athletes were involved in common physical exercise. Wheeler and Ladd's Children’s self-efficacy for Peer Interactions Scale and Interpersonal Dependency Inventory (IDI) were used to collect data from the two groups before and after 9 month long athletic programs. The results showed that both programs have significant effects on the Self- efficacy and interpersonal dependency of the two groups, but after 9 months, the SO athletes were significantly (p≤0.01) better than the non-SO athletes in all sub-scales of self–efficacy and interpersonal dependency. It seems that participation in social-sport aspects of Special Olympics programs can promote the self-efficacy and interpersonal dependency among this population beyond the ordinary sport programs, especially for DS people. Generalizing these programs for this people can help them to show their abilities and give them self-efficacy to live without dependency to others. Key words: Special Olympics (SO), Down Syndrome (DS), Self-efficacy, Interpersonal Dependency.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Portal > schools > snm
Depositing User: pr Nursing and Midwifery School
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2017 07:27
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2017 07:27
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6014

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