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Prevalence of pressure ulcer among patients who were admitted to open heart surgery intensive care unit

azimian, jalil and Rafiei, Hossein and Alipoor Heydari, Mahmoud and Senmar, Mojtaba Prevalence of pressure ulcer among patients who were admitted to open heart surgery intensive care unit. International Journal of Novel Research in Healthcare and Nursing. ISSN 2394-7330

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Abstract

Background & Aim: Although identifying the patients at risk of pressure ulcer development is imperative, however, few studies have been carried out in Cardiac surgery patients to assess the risk of pressure ulcer development. In present study, we examined the prevalence of pressure ulcer and some related risk factors among critically ill patients who were admitted to open heart surgery intensive care unit. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted in ran in 2016. With using sampling formula, 82 patients that were eligible patients were selected. Patients’ skins were assessed using pressure ulcer staging system developed by National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (NPUAP) before the operation, in time of cardiac intensive care unit admission and one times per day to patients discharge. Demographics check list and Braden scale also completed for each patient. Results: The mean age of patients was 60.9±10.5. Of them, 46 (56.1%) were male and the rest were female. From the 82 patients that participated in present study, 27 (32.9%) patients developed pressure ulcer (mostly stage I). Patients’ age, mean times of intensive care unit stay, diabetic patients, patients who have previous surgery, smokers and patient with pump on situation were related to pressure ulcer development in intensive care unit. The mean score of Braden scale also were statistically higher in patients without ulcer in compared to patients with ulcer (p<0.05). Conclusion: According to finding of present study, pressure ulcers especially stage 1 and 2 are common among cardiac surgery patients. Health care worker especially nurses should pay more attention to this topic. Further study recommended in this regards. Key words: Bed sore, Surgery patients, risk factors, Prevalence.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: L Education > LC Special aspects of education
R Medicine > RD Surgery
R Medicine > RI Heart
R Medicine > RN Health
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: mr mojtaba senmar
Date Deposited: 22 May 2017 09:56
Last Modified: 22 May 2017 09:56
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6269

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