Sleep hygiene behaviours in Iranian adolescents:an application of the Theory of Planned Behavior

STRONG, CAROL and YING LI N, CHUNG and JALILOLGHADR, SHABNAM and PAKPOUR, AMIR H Sleep hygiene behaviours in Iranian adolescents:an application of the Theory of Planned Behavior. Journal of sleep Research.

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Poor sleep quality and inadequate sleep in adolescents are a risingtrend globally. The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB)—which centreson an individual’s attitude toward performing the behav iour, subjectivenorms and perceived behavioural control—has been applied to examinesleep hygiene behaviours in young adults. We expanded on prior worksby using a longitudinal design to examine the effects of TPB factors,together with sleep hygiene knowledge and planning constructs, onsleep hygiene behaviours and on sleep quality and health in a group ofIranian adolescents. A total of 1822 healthy adolescents (meanage = 13.97) from 25 high schools in Qazvin, Iran, compl eted a self-reported survey at baselin e and 6 months later. Structural equation mod-elling (SEM) was used to delin eate the pathway from adolescents’ sleephygiene knowledge, TPB constructs of their behavioural intentions andsleep hygiene behaviours and their sleep quality and self-reportedhealth. The SEM model demonstrated that although behaviouralintention, coping planning and action planning predicted the sleephygiene behaviours positively 6 months later with acceptable model fit[comparative fit index (CFI) = 0.936; Tucker–Lewis index (TLI) = 0.902;root mean square error of appr oximation (RMSEA) = 0.080; standard-ized root mean square residual (SRMR) = 0.044], sleep hygieneknowledge did not predict behavioural intentions significa ntly. Sleephygiene behaviours were associated with sleep quality and psychiatricwellbeing. Thus, the TPB, combined with coping and action planning, isuseful in understanding the sleep hygiene behaviours of adolescents.Health-care providers may want to emphasize TPB constructs andcoping and action planning to improve adolescents’ sleep hy gienebehaviours, rather than rely solely upon increasing adolescents’ sleephygiene knowledge.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: University Portal > research center > sdh
Depositing User: pr SDH research
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2018 08:54
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2018 08:54
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/7257

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