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Mutations in the histamine N-methyltransferase gene, HNMT, are associated with nonsyndromic autosomal recessive intellectual disability

Najafipour, Reza (2015) Mutations in the histamine N-methyltransferase gene, HNMT, are associated with nonsyndromic autosomal recessive intellectual disability. Human Molecular Genetics.

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Abstract

Histamine (HA) acts as a neurotransmitter in the brain,which participates in the regulation ofmany biological processes including inflammation, gastric acid secretionand neuromodulation. The enzyme histamineN-methyltransferase (HNMT) inactivatesHAby transferring a methyl group from S-adenosyl--methionine to HA, and is the only well-known pathway for termination of neurotransmission actions of HA in mammalian central nervous system. We performed autozygosity mapping followed by targeted exome sequencing and identified two homozygous HNMT alterations, p.Gly60Asp and p.Leu208Pro, in patients affected with nonsyndromic autosomal recessive intellectual disability from two unrelated consanguineous families of Turkish and Kurdish ancestry, respectively.We verified the complete absence of a functional HNMT in patients using in vitro toxicology assay. Using mutant and wild-type DNA constructs as well as in silico protein modeling, we confirmed that p.Gly60Asp disrupts the enzymatic activity of the protein, and that p.Leu208Pro results in reduced protein stability, resulting in decreased HA inactivation. Our results highlight the importance of inclusion of HNMT for genetic testing of individuals presentingwith intellectual disability

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Divisions: University Portal > research center > camr
Depositing User: pr Camr research
Date Deposited: 29 May 2018 04:42
Last Modified: 29 May 2018 04:42
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/7588

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