Regulation of Bone Metabolism

Shahi, Maryam and Peymani, Amir and sahmani, mehdi (2017) Regulation of Bone Metabolism. Reports of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, 5 (2).

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Bone is formed through the processes of endochondral and intramembranous ossification. In endochondral ossification primary mesenchymal cells differentiate to chondrocytes and then are progressively substituted by bone, while in intramembranous ossification mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiate directly into osteoblasts to form bone. The steps of osteogenic proliferation, differentiation, and bone homeostasis are controlled by various markers and signaling pathways. Bone needs to be remodeled to maintain integrity with osteoblasts, which are bone-forming cells, and osteoclasts, which are bone-degrading cells. In this review we considered the major factors and signaling pathways in bone formation; these include fibroblast growth factors (FGFs), bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), wingless-type (Wnt) genes, runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) and osteoblast-specific transcription factor (osterix or OSX). Keywords: BMP, FGF, Osteogenesis, OSX, RUNS2, Wnt

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Portal > research center > camr
Depositing User: pr Camr research
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2019 07:22
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2019 07:22
URI: http://eprints.qums.ac.ir/id/eprint/8901

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